Orthopedics Sciences in India
Anyone who has suffered with arthritis can attest to the severity of pain and stiffness this disease can cause. Osteoarthritis, the most common form of joint disease, weakens and breaks down cartilage and bone, causing pain as bones rub together. Additionally, traumatic injuries, other diseases such as osteonecrosis, or simply years of use may cause a joint to wear away. This can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling. Today, there is help for those who have severe pain or disability due to the breakdown of cartilage and bone. Total joint replacement, particularly of the knees and hips, has demonstrated to be an extremely successful type of surgical procedure in relieving pain and providing good mobility for patients of all ages.
Orthopedics treatment in India
The Centre for Orthopaedics and Joint Reconstruction is organised in various sub-specializations for the treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system (muscle, bones & joints). The hospital offers dedicated services for Trauma and General Orthopaedics, Spine Surgery, Sports Medicine and Joint Reconstruction including Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) for Total Knee Replacement, Total Hip Replacement, Hip Resurfacing, Unicondylar (Partial) Knee Replacement as well as Replacement of Shoulder and Elbow joints. The Centre regularly carries out arthroscopic procedures for sports and other injuries, limbs salvage surgeries for bone tumours and reconstruction surgeries for deformities.
Total joint replacement surgery takes a few hours. The procedure is performed in a hospital or outpatient surgery center.
During the surgery, the damaged cartilage and bone is removed from your joint and replaced with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The prosthesis mimics the shape and movement of a natural joint. For example, in an arthritic hip, the damaged ball (the upper end of the femur) is replaced with a metal ball attached to a metal stem that is fitted into the femur, and a plastic socket is implanted into the pelvis, replacing the damaged socket.
Your doctor will explain the potential risks and complications of total joint replacement, including those related to the surgery itself and those that can occur over time after your surgery.
Most complications can be treated successfully. Some of the more common complications of joint replacement surgery include infection, blood clots, nerve injury, and prosthesis problems like loosening or dislocation.