Obstetrics and Gynecology Sciences in India

An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive health, pregnancy, and childbirth. Some OB-GYNs offer a wide range of general health services similar to your primary care doctor. Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive system. OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services and preventive screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics and gynecology. The term “OB-GYN” can refer to the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or to the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics and gynecology.

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on women’s bodies and their reproductive health. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, and care of women’s reproductive system.It is the branch of medicine dealing with the administration of health care to women, especially the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive deals with the study of diseases of the female reproductive organs, including the breasts.

This includes the:

Adnexal Tumors

Adnexal masses present a diagnostic dilemma; the differential diagnosis is extensive, and most masses are benign. [1, 2, 3] However, without histopathologic tissue diagnosis, a definitive diagnosis is generally precluded. Physicians must evaluate the likelihood of a concerning pathologic process using clinical and radiologic information and balance the risk of surgical intervention for a benign versus malignant process.

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV), or nonspecific vaginitis, was named because bacteria are the etiologic agents and an associated inflammatory response is lacking. Many studies have demonstrated the relation of Gardnerella vaginalis with other bacteria in causing BV, such as Lactobacillus, Prevotella, and anaerobes, including Mobiluncus, Bacteroides, Peptostreptococcus, Fusobacterium, Veillonella, and Eubacterium. Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum,Streptococcus viridans, and Atopobium vaginae have also been associated with BV.

Elective Abortion

Elective termination of pregnancy remains common in the United States and worldwide, and controversy and debate are ongoing. [1] Accurate statistics have been kept since the enactment of the 1973 US Supreme Court decisions legalizing abortions.

Cervical Screening

The widespread utilization of routine cervical cancer screening has greatly enhanced physicians’ ability to detect cancerous and precancerous changes of the cervix. In the United States, the incidence of cervical cancer fell approximately 70% from 1950-1970, followed by an additional 50% drop from 1970-2000. [1, 2] These declines likely resulted from implementation of cervical screening programs and an increase in the availability of screening to populations that previously did not have access to testing.

Gynecologic Pain

The uterus, cervix, and adnexa share the same visceral innervation as the lower ileum, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Signals travel via the sympathetic nerves to spinal cord segments T10 through L1. Because of this shared pathway, distinguishing between pain of gynecologic and gastrointestinal origin is often difficult.


Menopause is diagnosed after 12 months of amenorrhea. [1, 2] Hormonal changes and clinical symptoms occur over a period leading up to and immediately following menopause; this period is frequently termed the climacteric or perimenopause but is increasingly referred to as the menopausal transition.


Endometriosis is defined as the presence of normal endometrial mucosa (glands and stroma) abnormally implanted in locations other than the uterine cavity (see the image below). Approximately 30-40% of women with endometriosis will be subfertile.

Why is Obstetrics and Gynecology Treatment Preferred in India?

Treatments in nephrology can include medications, blood products, surgical interventions (urology, vascular or surgical procedures), renal replacement therapy (dialysis or kidney transplantation) and plasma exchange. Kidney problems can have significant impact on quality and length of life, and so psychological support, health education and advanced care planning play key roles in nephrology.

The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology offers the full spectrum of women’s health care services. We offer state-of-the-art technologies with superlative care offeing a range of services such as painless deliveries, management of high risk pregnancies/late pregnancies, among others. Fortis offers expert gynaecological treatment and specialist services for special disease groups. Women in different age groups have different health concerns, which are appropriately addressed. The hospital provides comprehensive treatment for fibroids including open myomectomies unsuitable for endoscopic (keyhole) surgery.