Neonatology Sciences in India
Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.
If your newborn is premature, or has a serious illness, injury, or birth defect, a neonatologist may assist at the time of delivery and in the subsequent care of your newborn. If a problem is identified before your baby is born, a neonatologist may become involved to consult with your obstetrician in your baby’s care during your pregnancy.
What Types of Treatments Do Neonatologists Provide?
Neonatologists generally provide the following care:
Diagnose and treat newborns with conditions such as breathing disorders, infections, and birth defects.
Coordinate care and medically manage newborns born premature, critically ill, or in need of surgery.
Ensure that critically ill newborns receive the proper nutrition for healing and growth.
Provide care to the newborn at a cesarean or other delivery that involves medical problems in the mother or baby that may compromise the infant’s health and require medical intervention in the delivery room.
Stabilize and treat newborns with any life-threatening medical problems.
Consult with obstetricians, pediatricians, and family physicians about conditions affecting newborn infants.
Neonatologists — The Best Care For Newborns
Newborn babies are not just small adults. A medical problem can mean a special challenge. Sometimes babies are born before their bodies are ready to leave the womb. Important organs such as the heart, lungs, stomach, and skin may not be mature enough to function without special help. Neonatologists have the special training required to evaluate and treat newborns’ medical problems. In addition, neonatologists use equipment that is designed specifically for the tiniest patients. If your pediatrician suggests that your baby needs to be evaluated by a neonatologist, you can be assured that your child will receive the best possible medical care.