What is Cardiology ?
Cardiology is a medical term which specializes in dealing with the disorders which take place in the human heart. This field looks into diagnosis and treatments of various kinds of heart disorders such as heart failure, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, Electrophysiology and valvular heart disease.
Today Cardiology treatment in India has come up as a suitable option in order to get rid of any of the heart defects as the cost in India of any of the treatments is the best and that too at rates which are absolutely affordable. Because of these benefits of choosing in India, any of the treatments, many foreigners have come down here in order to solve their trouble of heart diseases.
Non-Invasive Cardiology and Diagnostic
Non-invasive cardiology and diagnostics looks into the detection and the treatment of heart disease wherein there is involvement of tests for evaluating and then diagnosing the disorders of the heart. A patient who has a history of heart disease, chest pain with reasons that are unknown or valvular heart comes for non-invasive evaluation that can be done through Electrocardiaogram (ECG), 2-D Colour Doppler, Peripheral Doppler, TEE Echo, Holter and Stress Echo or Stress Test.
Invasive and Interventional Cardiology
Invasive Cardiology is that sub-speciality of cardiology that deals with diagnosis and therapeutic procedures of cardiovascular defects. These procedures need the insertion of instruments through the skin, into the body of the patient for treating the disease. The procedures are many, like gated blood pool studies, coronary angiography, stenting etc.
Interventional Cardiology is a field that deals mainly with catheter-based treatments of heart diseases. Most of the Interventional cardiology treatments such as Balloon Angioplasty, Carotid Stents and Stroke Intervention , Congenital Heart Defect Correction , Fractional Flow Reserve , Peripheral Atherectomy etc are done in the cardiovascular system, are less painful, less risk of infection and have a little recovery span.
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
Also known as Coronary Artery Bypass surgery and heart bypass or bypass surgery is a surgical process which is undertaken for relieving angina and reduction of risk of death from coronary artery disease.
- Heart Valve Replacement
Heart valve replacement has to be done when the valve of the heart does not work properly and they might not open at all or close and in that case a surgery might be required. There are various types of valves available today and the kind which one should opt for depends on a number of considerations such as age, valve condition, gender etc.
- Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery
Pediatric cardiothoracic Surgery is a kind of heart surgery that is performed children for repairing heart defects which occur at the time of birth which are known as congenital heart diseases. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery is necessary for the well-being of the child.
This surgery is done to take care of various diseases in children such as Artrial Septal Defect (ASD), Patent Ductus Arteriosus and Total correction or Four Abnormality correction (TOF).
- Cardiology Robotic Surgery
In Robotic Cardiac Surgery, robotic assist the heart surgeon in performing surgery through tiny incisions. The surgeon has to sit in an operating room where he controls the instruments while looking at 3D images from the camera which is inside the patient. Various procedures can be performed in this case such as mitral valve replacement or repair, correction of HOCM etc. Use of Robotic Surgery in Cardiology has benefits as it involves less pain, scarring and risk that are otherwise involved. The surgeon can perform surgery through tiny openings in the chest, cracking the breastbone and spreading the ribs
Heart Vascular Treatment in India
The Centre of Excellence for Cardiology, Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery at Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Chennai offers comprehensive, innovative and advanced care; while working closely as a team of experts, physicians and nurses. Practicing evidence-based medicine blended with patient-centred care, the centre offers personalized care is imparted with precision and greater understanding of their problems.
The Centre of Excellence offers the complete spectrum of endovascular procedures which includes – coronary intervention and peripheral intervention, heart surgery, heart bypass surgery as well as heart transplantation surgery and is one of the first and few facilities in India to perform a coronary PCI by radial artery approach.