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Spinal Fusion, Decompression & Arthroplasty in India

The surgical procedure of spinal fusion is performed to correct problems associated with the small bones of the spine. The fusion is primarily done for eliminating the pain which has been caused by abnormal motion of the vertebrae. Spinal fusion is basically performed in the lumbar region of the spine and is also used to treat thoracic and cervical problems.

Spinal fusion relieves symptoms of several back problems that includes –

  • Infection
  • Degenerative disk disease
  • Tumor
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Fracture
  • Scoliosis
  • Spinal stenosis

Spinal Fusion Procedure

The surgical procedure of spinal fusion takes several hours to complete. Spinal fusion involves different methods –

  • A surgeon uses metal implants for holding the vertebrae together till the new bone grows in between them.
  • Bone is taken either from a bone bank or the pelvic bone. This bone is used for making a bridge between the vertebrae which are next to each other.

Spinal fusion is used for treating fractures along with many other problems. It also treats the problem of spinal stenosis and age-related spinal problems.

Cervical Spinal Fusion

Cervical spinal fusion, also referred to as arthrodesis, is performed for permanently linking two or more adjacent vertebrae together. The spinal disc is present in between each vertebrae, that works like a cushion enabling some movement between each vertebrae. Usually the procedure of cervical fusion is done as spinal disc is resulting in many problems by pushing on a nerve known as a disc herniation. There are a number of ways by which cervical spinal fusion is done -

  • In some cases, metal plates are screwed into the bone for joining adjacent vertebrae.
  • A spinal disc can also be removed so as to fuse the adjacent vertebrae.
  • Bone is taken either from a bone bank or from the patient's body. The idea is to make a bridge between adjacent vertebrae.
  • Sometimes complete vertebra is removed and then the spine is fused.
  • Metal implants are also used for holding the vertebrae together till the growth of a new bone.

What is Spinal Decompression Surgery ?

The term ‘spinal decompression surgery' is basically done for different procedures that provide relief from many symptoms caused by compression or pressure, to the nerve roots or spinal cord. Thickened joints, bony growths, collapsed disc or bulging and loosened ligaments can narrow the openings of spinal nerve and the spinal canal, resulting in irritation. The nerve compression symptoms are –

  • Unsteadiness
  • Pain
  • Weakness
  • Tingling
  • Numbness

Techniques for Decompression

  • Foraminotomy or foraminectomy
  • Diskectomy
  • Corpectomy
  • Laminotomy or laminectomy
  • Osteophyte removal

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