Brain Tumors Treatment in India
Brain tumors develop when there is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. This rare condition can be seen in both adults and children. Brain tumors can be categorized into cancerous (malignant) and non-cancerous (benign). Cancerous (malignant) tumors are more aggressive and serious than non-cancerous (benign) tumor. There are approximately 140 types of brain tumors that can develop in the brain. Metastatic or primary are the two types of brain tumors. Primary tumors develop in the brain and does not spread outside the brain. Unlike primary tumors, metastatic tumors develop in other body part and spreads to the brain through lymphatic or blood tissue. Kidney cancer, lung cancer, melanoma and breast cancer can spread to the brain.
What Causes Brain Tumors ?
There is no as such proven cause of brain tumors. However, some of the causes include –
- A family history of genetic disorders such as tuberous sclerosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, neurofibromatosis and Hippel-Lindau disease.
- People who have a compromised immune system
- Exposure to radiation
Symptoms of Brain Tumors
Headaches are considered as the most common symptoms of a brain tumor. Further symptoms are –
- Problems with memory
- Weakness in one part of the body
- Problems while walking
- Changes in hearing and speech
- Tingling or numbness in the arms or legs
- Personality changes
- Balance problems
- Unable to concentrate
- Changes in vision
Types of Brain Tumors
A brain tumor can result in a number of neurological problems. There are many types of brain tumors. Some common tumors are –
- Central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma
- Acoustic neuroma
- Optic nerve glioma
- Pituitary neuroectodermal
- Brain stem glioma
- Pineal tumors
- Primitive neuroectodermal
- Mixed glioma
Brain Tumor Surgery
Brain tumors can only be removed by the means of surgery. Surgery is the only treatment for non-cancerous (benign) tumors. Whereas cancerous (malignant) tumors require treatment along with the surgery that include chemotherapy or radiation therapy.